Statistics – Outlier Function
An outlier in a probability distribution function is a number
that is more than 1.5 times the length of the data set away from
either the lower or upper quartiles. Specifically, if a number is
less than ${Q_1 – 1.5 times IQR}$ or greater than ${Q_3 + 1.5
times IQR}$, then it is an outlier.
Outlier is defined and given by the following probability
function:
Formula
${Outlier datas are, lt Q_1 – 1.5 times IQR (or) gt Q_3
+ 1.5 times IQR }$
Where −

${Q_1}$ = First Quartile

${Q_2}$ = Third Quartile

${IQR}$ = Inter Quartile Range
Example
Problem Statement:
Consider a data set that represents the 8 different students
periodic task count. The task count information set is, 11, 13,
15, 3, 16, 25, 12 and 14. Discover the outlier data from the
students periodic task counts.
Solution:
Given data set is:
11  13  15  3  16  25  12  14 
Arrange it in ascending order:
3  11  12  13  14  15  16  25 
First Quartile Value() ${Q_1}$
${ Q_1 = frac{(11 + 12)}{2} \[7pt] = 11.5 }$
Third Quartile Value() ${Q_3}$
${ Q_3 = frac{(15 + 16)}{2} \[7pt] = 15.5 }$
Lower Outlier Range (L)
${ Q_1 – 1.5 times IQR \[7pt] = 11.5 – (1.5 times 4)
\[7pt] = 11.5 – 6 \[7pt] = 5.5 }$
Upper Outlier Range (L)
${ Q_3 + 1.5 times IQR \[7pt] = 15.5 + (1.5 times 4)
\[7pt] = 15.5 + 6 \[7pt] = 21.5 }$
In the given information, 5.5 and 21.5 is more greater than the
other values in the given data set i.e. except from 3 and 25
since 3 is greater than 5.5 and 25 is lesser than 21.5.
In this way, we utilize 3 and 25 as the outlier values.
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